A study released by the Quebec Institute of Statistics yesterday shows that people in Quebec work less on average than Canadians in other provinces.
The study is based on the 2017 labour market and also looks into the impact of gender and parenthood in the workplace, as well as how labour and employment rates look compared to those in the United States.
The study shows that the average workweek is generally around 36 hours a week for the rest of the country. In Alberta, the average work week is 37.5 hours long.
That number drops to 35.1 hours in Quebec, though.
While that is obviously not a huge difference, it’s kind of funny to think the entire province of Quebec just takes off an hour early on Fridays and no one says anything.
The rest of Canada is still putting in fewer hours than our brothers to the south, however.
In the States, the workweek tends to be closer to the classic 40 hours. Their actual figure was 38.7, but the study also indicates that, of people working in the States, nearly 70% are working a true 40-hour workweek.
In Quebec, only 40% of workers are actually meeting 40 hours a week.
The Institute does make a point of addressing that these numbers are, of course, impacted by the presence of holidays, parental leave and other “working time standards,” that are certainly more “advantageous” for Quebec workers than those in the United States.
What the States does have on us, however, is higher employment rates in general, something the Institute chalks up to the increased presence of women in their workforce.
That doesn’t mean that Quebec’s employment rates are necessarily low, though.
The employment rate, meaning the percentage of the total population that is employed, in Quebec was at 60.9% in 2017 for people over the age of 15.
And when considering women in the workforce, the Institute shows that the female employment rate is 57.4% in Quebec versus 54.6% in the U.S.
This seemed bizarre to me at first — that the general employment rate in the States is higher, likely due to more women in the workplace… but then when considering female employment rates, they trail Quebec by 3%?
This means that while there are more women working in the States in general, when comparing all the women in the States to their working counterparts, really only 54.6% of women who are willing and able to work are actually working.
It simply comes down to their massive population.
The study also takes a look at mothers in the workplace, comparing working mothers in both Quebec and the U.S.
In Quebec, 78.6% of mothers who have children under 6 are working. In the States, that number only reaches 60%.